Tuesday, April 24th - 4:00pm to 5:00pm

Seminar

Poitras Center and Stanley Center Joint Translational Neuroscience Seminar

Speakers: 
Susanne Ahmari
Location: 
Singleton Auditorium 46-3002
Public welcome

Talk Title:   Identifying molecular and circuit changes underlying OCD-like behaviors
 
Compulsive behaviors are a central component of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), as well as prominent, disabling, and notoriously-treatment resistant symptoms of many severe psychiatric disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, and addiction. Although OCD symptoms have been broadly linked to abnormal activity in cortical-basal ganglia circuits via human imaging studies, we still have a quite limited understanding of how maladaptive repetitive behaviors are encoded in the brain. Our lab is using novel technologic approaches and statistical strategies that finally allow us to address this topic by determining: 1) which neural circuits underlie maladaptive repetitive behaviors, 2) how these behaviors are encoded in the brain, and 3) when the neural code changes as these behaviors develop and resolve.
 
Our previous work has demonstrated that a) brief but repeated optogenetic hyperstimulation of projections from orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) to ventromedial striatum (VMS) leads to long-lasting perseverative grooming, a mouse behavior linked to OCD (Ahmari et al, Science, 2013); and b) compulsive grooming behavior is associated with increased neural activity in the striatum (measured in awake-behaving mice using both in vivo microscopy and in vivo electrophysiology). Using transgenic OCD mouse-models and healthy control mice combined with in vivo optogenetics, electrophysiology, and microscopy, we are now identifying the specific activity patterns, cell-types, and circuits responsible for the development of abnormal repetitive and compulsive behaviors. I will discuss both these ongoing mechanistic studies in mice, as well as our interdisciplinary efforts to ground our basic neuroscience experiments in findings from clinical studies.
 
Funding Acknowledgement: Burroughs Wellcome CAMS Award; NIMH BRAINS R01MH104255; McKnight Scholar Award; Klingenstein-Simon Fellowship; MQ Fellows Award; NIMH K08MH087718; NARSAD Young Investigator Award

Speaker Bio: 

Susanne Ahmari, MD, PHD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh and Director of the Translational OCD Laboratory. She is affiliated with the Translational Neuroscience Program and theCenter for the Neural Basis of Cognition. Her lab uses cutting-edge technologies in rodents, including miniaturized head-mounted microscopes, optogenetics, and in vivo recording to identify brain changes linked to onset, persistence, and treatment of OCD-relevant behaviors. Findings from studies in patients are used to guide animal research in the lab. The overall goal is to discover brain abnormalities that lead to OCD and ultimately develop new treatments to help those affected. This work is supported by an NIMH BRAINS Award, Burroughs Wellcome Career Award, MQ Fellows Award, and NARSAD Young Investigator Award.